Athletic trainers are educated and trained to examine patients/clients who have acute, subacute, or chronic musculoskeletal disorders and medical conditions and to arrive at a differential diagnosis regarding suspected pathologies. Based on this assessment, athletic trainers determine the impairments, functional limitations and the disabilities that result from these injuries and illnesses. Effective examination requires a thorough understanding of musculoskeletal and systemic anatomy, and the physiological response to injury and illness. Examination is an ongoing process focused on meeting the changing needs of the patient/client. Athletic trainers recognize when consultation with other health care providers is necessary and refer accordingly.
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